About The Rottweiler
Reprinted from the American Rottweiler Club.
By assuming ownership of a Rottweiler you have opened the door to a wonderful friend and companion. The Rottie will fit well into your home if you provide the love, care and training he needs. Ownership of such a determined, powerful animal carries with it legal and moral responsibilities.
The Rottweiler’s aggression level varies with individuals but generally the Rottweiler is protective of its territory and does not welcome strangers until properly introduced. Aggression toward other dogs is fairly common, particularly with unneutered males.
Obedience training, preferably to include group participation, is mandatory at an early age and should be on-going throughout the life of the dog. Rottweilers love to show off and please their owners.
Proper socialisation of a dog of such strength cannot be postponed. It must be done at a very early age.
The Rottweiler is an eager partner but a reluctant slave. He is both intelligent and sensitive and will respond best when discipline is fair, firm and consistent.
Your obligation is to make certain your dog is under control at all times and never allowed to be a threat or nuisance to others.
The personality of the Rottweiler may range from very friendly to very reserved. It is not uncommon for them to behave in a clownish manner toward family and friends. Frequently, the Rottweiler will follow its owner from room to room, preferring to keep its favourite person in view. For this reason, and many others, Rottweilers do not thrive in a kennel environment. Although a fenced yard is a must for the dog to safely experience some freedom of movement, no Rottweiler should spend all its time alone, banished from the family. Rottweilers are “people” dogs. If maintained in isolation they can quickly develop unpleasant traits. No Rottweiler should be tied or chained.
Left alone for long periods of time, the Rottweiler is capable of extremely destructive behaviour which may indicate boredom or anxiety.
This is an expensive breed to maintain, requiring premium dog food. Quantity is determined by developmental and activity level.
Proper daily exercise will keep your Rottweiler fit and happy.
Many Rottweilers are benign with children; others will not tolerate them. No young child should ever be left unsupervised with any dog.
Your Rottweiler requires regular veterinary examinations and vaccinations.
Rottweilers are subject to some genetic problems that can be passed on to any puppies they produce. Such defects include hip and elbow dysplasia (a malformation of the joint that can be crippling), several eye problems, bleeding disorders, heart defects and cancer. Poor temperament is the most serious fault passed on from parent to puppy. There is never an excuse to breed a Rottweiler of poor temperament.
Rottweilers used for breeding should be certified free of hereditary diseases. Hip and elbow x-ray results of both parents should be made available to puppy buyers.
Bitches do not benefit by having a litter. Spayed bitches are often healthier and live longer than do their unsprayed sisters. Spaying eliminates uterine cancer and greatly reduces the risk of mammary cancer.
Neutered males cannot develop testicular cancer and have a lower risk of developing prostate cancer. A neutered male is usually more tolerant of other male dogs and less likely to ‘leave his mark’ in inappropriate places. Spaying and neutering will not make your Rottweiler obese or lazy, but overfeeding and lack of exercise will.
The Rottweiler is a Working Breed and is happiest when given a job to perform, even as simple a one as carrying a newspaper or package for you. Its versatility is demonstrated by its ability as a tracking dog, an obedience competitor, a therapy dog, a support dog for the handicapped, a herding dog, a police canine, and, most importantly, as a devoted companion.
Reprinted from the brochure of the ADRK (Rottweiler Club of Germany).
The wolf with all its varieties is considered to be the founder of all our pet dogs. Hereby it’s hard to believe that the little Chihuahua and the huge Mastiff have the same ancestor. But if we think of the great diversity which occurred only in the last one hundred years within the organized dog breeding, the imagination that big and small dogs are all originating from the wolf becomes somewhat easier.
It’s common sense today, that man and wolf live together since about 15,000 years. There are different opinions about the origin of the Rottweiler. Considering the fact that the special ability of the Rottweiler was driving herds, which was obviously the primary activity in former times, the founders of the Rottweiler came from the Roman legions. The Romans used molossian type dogs as herder and driving dogs. These dogs protected the people and the herds. The ways of the Roman legions are still known, since the net of the streets of the Roman Empire is very well examined. One of these streets led to the Bodensee in the region where nowadays Rottweil is situated, the town which gave our dog its name.
In the further course of the 19th century the Roman molossian type dogs were cross bred with different types of native herder dogs. During several decades these dogs were selected for vitality, intelligence, endurance and driving ability. This way they became irreplaceable helpers of the animal dealers and butchers. As said before, this dog was mostly found in and around the former Reichsstadt Rottweil, and therefore in the Middle Ages it was called Rottweiler. The reason the dogs in Rottweil were so highly appreciated was probably that they proved themselves many times as herder and driving dogs. In the 19th century Rottweil was an explicit animal trading centre, where from cattle and sheep were mainly driven to the Breisgau, the Elsass and in the Neckar River Valley. In times where robbers or wolves existed and far regions were unsettled such herd driving required strong, tenacious, placid and smart dogs. Who called himself a real butcher in or around Rottweil usually had several Rottweiler’s at a time, because the butchers were those who mainly used to trade in animals.
As time went by the animals were transported by train and other vehicles, and the Rottweiler lost its helpful job. Only in the beginning of the twentieth century the outstanding character abilities of the Rottweiler were recalled. The high suitability of this breed was tested in the police service, and in 1910 the Rottweiler was recognized as a police dog. In that time as well as today man is fascinated by this breed.
Its faithfulness, diligence, manoeuvrability and calmness make the value of this breed evident. As a family dog the Rottweiler is a faithful and reliable friend, as long as it is bred, raised and socialized within the family according to expert rules. Just as in man the education and socialization of the dog starts during childhood.
As a puppy each Rottweiler is willing to learn and to take its place, means to adapt itself to the pack. It’s mostly determined by the environment. A correct education leads to friendship. Wrong training, with lack of love will spoil the dog forever, as well as the living together of man and dog. So man primary is responsible, of what our Rottweiler will be like! Herein breeding, education, health and living together are included!
For the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub (ADRK) e.V., the only association for Rottweiler breeding which is accepted by the Verband fuer Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH) e.V., more than 90 years of controlling the breeding show competence and commitment at the same time to preserve and improve the Rottweiler, which is a German dog breed and cultural assets. By strict selection, which all the time is adapted to new challenges and environmental influences, the ADRK e.V. tries to improve the quality of our Rottweiler. The highest purpose of our breeding has to be the health. Psychological and physical strength of our dogs are the expression of health. More than ever before the breeding objective is “the healthy, self confident and good natured working and family dog, with best form and performance at the same time”.
All the time people were fascinated by the Rottweiler. I hope the Rottweiler will get more friends and the already existing friends will become enthusiastic anew. To the health of our dog and the Rottweiler family all over the world!
Hans Jürgen Eberbach
President of the ADRK e.V.